Warren, C., Glasser N., Harrison S., Winchester V., Kerr A. and Rivera A. (1995) : "Characteristics of tide-water calving at Glaciar San Rafael, Chile" Journal of Glaciology, 41(138), 273-289.

Glacial calving is a poorly understood process. This study tests the influence of local environmental variables on the magnitude and frecuency distributions of calving behaviour at Glaciar San Rafael, Chile. Near the terminus of the glacier, surface speeds average 17 m d-1 in summer and calving e...


Warren, C. and Rivera, A. (1994) : "Non-linear climatic response of calving glaciers: A case study of PIO XI Glacier, Chilean Patagonia" Revista chilena de Historia Natural, 67:385 - 394, 1994.

Pio XI (or Brüggen) Glacier is probably the only glacier in the world currently at its Neoglacial maximum. Its recent fluctuations provide a striking example of non-climatic glacier behaviour. A rapid 3km advance in the 1920s was followed by retreat in the 1930s. Between 1945 and 1983 the glacier...


Rivera, A. (1992) : "El Glaciar Pío XI: Avances y Retrocesos, el impacto sobre su entorno durante el presente siglo" Revista Geográfica de Chile Terra Australis, 36: 33 - 62.

El glaciar Pío XI se caracteriza por ser temperado, de gran dinámica y rodeado de un ecotono de gran biodiversidad. Al evaluar las fluctuaciones de su lengua terminal a nivel histórico se constata que tuvo un fuerte y repentino avance entre 1926 y 1928, embalsando el valle del Río Greve. Posterio...


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